The assignment of semantic role tags to syntactic constituents.
The part of the FrameNet database that holds the annotated sentences.
A grammatical function used for various oblique constituents, e.g. the prepositional phrase in The robbers tied his feet together with a black cord.
constructional null instantiation (CNI)
An FE that is missing because the grammar of the sentence allows or requires an omission (e.g. the subject of an imperative, the agent of a passive verb).
Frame elements that are essential to the meaning of a frame are called "core" FEs (e.g Speaker in frames connected with communication); expressions of time, place and manner are generally not core FEs.
definite null instantiation (DNI)
An FE that is missing from a sentence, but whose identity is understood from the context, e.g. Stephanie contributed $20, where RECIPIENT, a charitable organization, is the missing FE.
a grammatical function used for the subject of finite verbs, the subject (or object) of certain control or governing verbs, e.g. the first noun phrase in The robbers tied his feet together with a black cord
a group of core FEs realized in one sentence
frame (semantic frame)
A schematic representation of a situation involving various participants, props and other conceptual roles, each of which is a frame element
frame element (FE)
frame-specific defined semantic role that is the basic unit of a frame
a descriptive framework for characterizing lexical meaning in terms of semantic frames
all frame elements in a parent frame have an analog in the child frame, though not necessarily of the same name
grammatical function (GF)
describes the ways in which constituents in a sentence satisfy abstract grammatical requirements of the target word
an example sentence illustrating a sense of a target that belongs to the frame currently under consideration
indefinite null instantiation (INI)
an FE that is missing whose identity is not retrievable, but whose type is usually know (e.g. the FE TOPIC in Bob and Sue would argue all day, exemplifying the QUARREL sense of the verb argue
a frame-to-frame relation in which the child frame elaborates the parent frame; the child frame is said to be a "kind-of" parent frame, e.g. Arriving is a kind-of Motion
a unit made up of one or more lexemes seen as bearing one or more senses, e.g. bringing up consists of the lexemes bring and up
a word in a given part of speech instantiated by one or more word-forms, e.g. the lexeme bring has the word forms bring, brings, bringing, brought
the syntactic realization of the frame elements and the valence patterns of a lexical unit
lexical unit (LU)
a pairing of a lemma and frame - i.e. a "word" taken in one of its senses, e.g. the verb tie in the Attaching frame
a grammatical function used for modifiers of heads, e.g. the adjective in the phrase delicious meal, or the adverb in the phrase quite remarkable
inherited characteristics cannot be overridden
multi-word expression (MWE)
a lexical unit that consists of more than one lexeme, e.g. take off, pediatric hematologis, April Fool's Dar, day in day out
a child frame (and therefore its FEs) can have any number of parents
a noun consisting of two (or more) nouns, e.g. wine bottle, kitchen door
a missing frame element
an example sentence illustrating a sense of a target that belongs to a different frame than the one currently under consideration
a verb that consists of more than one lexeme, e.g. take off, tie up, throw out
any inanimate entity that figures into the description of a scene characterized in a frame, e.g. the FE CONNECTOR in the ATTACHING frame
a frame-to-frame relation that points from each of a group of frames to another frame whose definition includes a detailed discussion of the differences among the individual frames in the group
the general semantic trend or tone of a clause that is "prosodic" in that it stretches over whole phrases or passages and concerns semantic features that are not usually thought of in talk about "selection"
a mechanism used to capture semantic facts about individual frames, FEs, and LUs that don't fit into the developing hierarchy of frames in FrameNet
the frame that underlies the meaning of a word, and the number and kinds of entities that participate in the situation instantiating the frame
the automatic processes used to extract example sentences for annotation from the corpus (e.g. BNC, American newswire, or other)
an automatically generated corpus of sentences, extracted from the corpus, the selection of which is based on predetermined syntactic specifications
a frame-to-frame relation whereby (smaller) component frames comprise parts of a (larger) complex frame
semantically neutral verb that turns a target noun into a verb phrase-like predicate and allows for the expression of a frame element as its subject, e.g. make, as in make a decision
the number and type of syntactic constituents that are dependent on, or in construction with a word
the lemma under consideration, and in respect to which annotation is provided
a noun occurring in first position in a "Noun+of+Noun" construction indicating type, measure, group, etc., which is "transparent" to selection or collocational requirements in the context: thus to split this kind of hair is an instance of the split...hair idiom in spite of the intervening noun kind
a frame-to-frame relation like Inheritance, but less strictly defined
the particular kinds of constituents, in terms of semantic roles, grammatical functions, and phrase types, with which a word combines in a grammatical sentence
one frame element together with its grammatical realization (phrase type and clause function) in the sentence
the set of valence groups realized in one sentence
an inflectional variant (e.g. bring, brings, bringing, and
brought are word forms of the lexeme bring
LocalWords: INI multi